Home automation is a science in which different disciplines and skills of engineering, architecture, energy, electrical engineering, information technology, security, and design converge. It consists of integrated and advanced systems aimed at concretely improving the quality of life and the safety of people, animals, and things.
Whether it’s a single apartment or an entire building, home automation is an extremely complex interdisciplinary science: designing and building environments studied to improve the quality of life mean designing not only connected and communicating objects but also protocols and standardized interfaces that allow these objects to connect to increasingly converging and integrated management platforms.
The potentials are therefore very much, and the areas of application can extend to all sectors: software, sensors, machines that communicate with each other and update themselves, machines that learn, … The home automation system allows for coordinated and continuous management of all the devices that compose it.
The characteristics adopted for the construction of home automation systems are:
- Simplicity: the home automation system is aimed at a wide audience; therefore, it uses user-friendly, safe interfaces and must not present dangers for those who do not know or understand its potential.
- Continuity: the system must be built thinking that it will have to offer a continuous service if not immune to failures, simple, and quick to repair
- Reliability: the system is always in operation and does not require special attention; even in the event of failures, it must be able to provide the service for which it was designed
There are many sectors in which home automation can be applied, however, today, the most established ones are Building Automation and Home automation.
The strength of Building automation lies in the fact that in a building it is necessary to provide a whole series of services to the real estate units, to improve management flexibility, comfort, safety, maintenance, costs, and environmental impact.
Smart Home is like Building Automation for a single housing unit. The term "smart home" indicates an environment "appropriately designed and technologically equipped" where equipment and systems can perform partially autonomous functions, programmed by the user or completely autonomous thanks to the programmed self-learning of the machines themselves.
The main areas of application of home automation are:
- management of service facilities
- management of the environment and climate control
- management of appliances and machines
- security management
- energy consumption management
- maintenance management
Home automation brings advantages not only in terms of comfort but also economic ones. Thanks to the automation made possible by sensors and detectors, the exchange of machine-environment information and vice versa takes place, so the control unit will decide how to manage a system, optimize resources, and reduce waste.
Another advantage is the remote control, with which we can act on the control unit and the individual components at any time, from a remote location or a Mobile Application.
The purpose of home automation is to make a building more efficient, both from the point of view of improving life and maintaining and managing consumption.